Article Contents

  • 1. What is blocked and random practice?
  • 2. One answer to the above question…
  • 3. Comparing training to retention: a forewarning
  • 4. Why is random practice better?
  • 5. What skills should be randomized?
  • 6. Should skill level or age be considered?
  • 7. Final comments

In previous articles, I have discussed my knowledge of bowling from a bowler and sport psychology expert perspective. In upcoming articles, I will change gears and focus on motor learning concepts that may help athletes and coaches learn more from their training sessions.

From my knowledge of the bowling literature, motor learning (i.e., human movement) information to help bowlers and coaches better plan and execute effective training sessions is limited. I am hoping to educate bowlers about these useful motor learning concepts in coming months.

I will first write a series of articles about motor learning topics that bowlers can consider to maximize training and learning for more effective performance in competition. The second series will be written to help coaches use motor learning concepts to more thoroughly understand how to provide knowledge and feedback to the athletes they coach in order to maximize learning and performance. In this article, I will discuss different types of practice conditions, with the hope that knowledge about them will help bowlers plan their practice session wisely and maximize their learning experience.

What is blocked and random practice?

One primary reason to practice and train is to increase the occurrence of accurate shots in upcoming competitions. Most bowlers would have only a limited amount of practice time during the week because of other competing activities in their lives. Thus, it is important for all bowlers to maximize learning during training, no matter the amount of practice time you have.

One characteristic that increases the chances for future performance success is how much variation the bowler experiences during any given practice session. When designing a training schedule, you can either practice via random or blocked practice (see table below).

The only similarity in these practice schedules is that the training time is the same. When using a random practice schedule, skills being learned are practiced in a random order where the bowler performs different skills ...

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Chris Mesagno

About Chris Mesagno

Dr. Chris Mesagno is a senior lecturer in Exercise and Sport Psychology at Federation University Australia and received his Ph.D. from Victoria University (Australia), specializing in Sport Psychology and Motor Learning. Dr. Chris is a competitive bowler of 30 years, he was a member and assistant coach of the University of Florida bowling team from 1998-2001, and he is both a Tenpin Bowling Australia Level 1 Certified Coach and a USBC Bronze Level Coach.